"Boardgames made with Finnish sisu"
 
The Finnish Trilogy in General

The Finnish Trilogy 1939-1945® consists of two wargames and one expansion, in an operational level, that will be about the Finnish struggle during various parts of the Second World War.

All three games have the same rule system, apart from a few special rules in each of them and many of the games mechanics are measured in Battalion Equivalents (BEs), such as ZOC, transportation & rail capacity.

Players: All games in the trilogy suites very well for one, two players (three players in Vol. 3 Lapland War) or teams at an age of 13+.

Time Scale: Each turn represents 7-8 days or roughly one week of real time, so each month is divided into four parts (e.g. Jan. I '40, Jan. II '40, Jan. III '40 & Jan. IV '40).

Map Scale: Each hex represents approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) across.

Unit Scale: The ground units on the Finnish/German side are Companies/Batteries and Battalions, while the units on the Soviet side are Regiments and Brigades. Added to this are Army, Corps, Divisional Headquarters to name a few.
Air unit counters simulates roughly between 8-16 air units, while the naval counters simulates between one (large vessels) to ten (various flotillas).

Very often players move only Headquarters on the mapboard, while the actual units are kept aside in special HQ Breakdown boxes. This creates a fog of war feeling, since the players may not examine each others stacks unless adjacent, or spotted by any kind of a recon unit (ground unit or air unit).

All units will be in 12,5 mm x 12,5 mm (ca 1/2" x 1/2"). Most of the units and markers have information on both sides.

Some info of the combat system:
Each ground unit has a colored box in their upper left corner. The colour of the box is based on the size of the unit. A green box will be on all Companies/Batteries and backsides (weaker side) of Battalions. A blue box on all Battalions and backsides of Regiments. A red box on all Regiments and backsides of Brigades and finally a black box on all Brigades (frontside). The boxes refers to the dice used when (for example) solving combat. Each coloured die has a unique numbering:

Green Die; 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1
Blue Die; 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2
Red Die; 0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3
Black Die; 0, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4
(White Die; 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

Each ground unit has a written combat value, sort of a basic value. To this are added the box in a combat (both in attack & defense). This means that you never know for sure the final combat value of your own units and the enemy units. You can also affect (influence) the "box" die roll by various modifiers, what we call Combined Arms & Logistic (CAL).

A player doesn't roll a colored die for each unit in an attack or defense. Instead, the focus is on the whole stack (each stack separately, if the attacker attacks from more than one hex).

A combat example: When the attacker announces where he/she wants to attack, the defender determines whether to use "Static Defense" or "Mobile Defense". The difference is on the two separate combat tables included. More retreat results in the "Mobile Defense". More on this at some other time.

1. Both the attacker and the defender counts the written (basic) combat values of all the units engaging in the combat. Usually Co's have a "H" = Half combat factor and units with a "0" (zero) as its basic value are totally relied on the forthcoming CAL result.

2. Check the, what we call; "Combined Arms & Logistic" (CAL) status in each stack (attacker & defender). The CAL is divided into four main categories: (1) Infantry, (2) Artillery, (3) AFV & (4) HQs. All units have one of these four main unit categorys shown on their upper left corner (Box) for easy reference to what category they belong.

If the hex include only one category: = -1 modifier on each colored die.

Two categories: = 0 (No) modifier...

Three categories: = +1 modifier...

Four (all) categories: = +2 modifier...

3. Throw a die for each box color on the attack/defense and use the same CAL modifier for all dice. E.g. the Soviet player attacks with four red boxes (frontside of a regiment), two blue boxes (one backside of a regiment and one frontside of a divisonal HQ) and one black box (frontside of a brigade). He throws a blue, red and black die. Let's say that the CAL modifier is +1 because the attack include three different categories, meaning that each result on the blue, red and black die is added with one.

4. Multiply the result of each coloured die (after modifier) with the number of units bearing that coloured box and add the result to the total.

5. Determine the odds ratio and consult the odds ratio combat table. (..., 1:1, 1,25:1, 1,5:1, 2:1, 2,5:1, 3:1, 4:1, etc.)

6. Make column shifts depending on ; terrain, winterization, a.o.

7. Finally, the attacker rolls a white die to see the final result.

This might sound cumbersome, but it's working quite well.

Summary: The more categories you have in an attack and defense (preferrably all four), the more effective all units in the stack will be and the more you can control the final firepower of your own units.

Each unit category is not always allowed to use it's CAL, depending on especially terrain (e.g tank units in an un-frozen swamp), but more on this later.





Vol. 1 Winter War 1939-1940 [top]

The box cover artwork of the Vol. 1
Winter War game
made by the artist,
Andreas Wide (reservations for minor adjustments).
Click to enlarge.

On November 30th, 1939 the Soviet Red Army crossed the Finnish border in attempt to conquer the whole country within a few weeks. Quite soon, it became evident that the Finns, despite totally outnumbered, were not an easy match. They were better equipped for the cold winter to come than the opponent. Ski capability was high and moving in deep forest was no problem. On the other hand, the Soviet troops were scared to death of the forest and stayed as close as possible to the few roads.

The Motti (Finnish term for “encirclement”) tactic became famous around the world and a great sympathy for the small country up in the north grew in many countries as the war went on. Soon, places like Suomussalmi, Tolvajärvi, Kuhmo and Kollaa, to name a few, became famous for the heroic Finns fighting against overwhelming odds.

The situation was not good for Stalin and his communist regime. Allied intervention was very possible and the prestige over the greatest army to date, The Red Army, was shaking. He also knew that Hitler was studying the campaign very carefully, making notes for every weakness in the old and poor doctrine of the RKKA.

On March 13th, 1940, Finland had no other choice but to agree on the tough peace terms to follow. The Winter War had ended, but who won, or was it a stalemate? However, Finland kept its independence because the mighty neighbour in the east failed to take Helsinki among other vital objects, as planned.

The Game in General
The first game of the trilogy to be released is the famous Winter War between Finland and Soviet Union, which is often referred to as an epic battle between David and Goliath. Historically the campaign lasted for 105 days, but will you as the Finnish side be able to last that long, or maybe longer? The game can last up to 16 turns (Dec. I '39 – Mar. IV '40), but in the Extended Campaign there is a possibility for an Allied Intervention. Vol. 1 Winter War will include special features like; Soviet Prestige and Finnish Morale.

The object for the Soviet side is to capture as many important cities and factories as possible, as well as destroy the Finnish Army in an attempt to make the Finnish Morale Status go low, which means peace negotiations. But, the time is not on the Red Army side, a slow advance lowens the Soviet prestige, which can cause a negative outcome.

Release Date
February 2014.

Unit Counters
The game will include eight countersheets in a total of 2,128 die-cut unit counters. Ground units are written in standard Nato symbols, while Air and Naval units have correct silhouettes. Place the pointer on each unit for a short explanation.


















The Map
The map will be 100 cm x 140 cm (39” x 55”) in four pieces, depicting Finland and its' vicinity in a "Winterized" colour. The prototype below (with unit counters added) is from February 2013 and not a final version. It is still undergoing some improvements and adjustments.

Click on the map to enlarge (jpg, 640 KB)

The Rules
A 32-page coloured rule book includes basic, advanced and optional game rules.

Order of Battle (OOB)
Two OOB’s are included, one Finnish and one Soviet. Both in full colour. A lot of sources have been used to make them as historically correct as possible. Also, four Small Scenarios have been included: (1) Salla, (2) Kuhmo-Suomussalmi, (3) Ladoga Karelia, and (4) Karelian Isthmus. See further in the Beta News menu. For added feeling, the OOB's are written in their native language (Soviet with Cyrillic) with usually the correct unit abbreviation and then translated into English in parenthesis. Below are a few samples from the Finnish and the Soviet OOB's. They are still in the working process, so colors and some information may be incorrect or missing!




Vol. 2 Continuation War 1941-1944 [top]

The box cover artwork of the Vol. 2
Continuation War game
made by the artist,
Andreas Wide (reservations for minor adjustments).
Click to enlarge.

Germany launched their operation Barbarossa against the Soviet Union in June 22nd, 1941. Finland, now a co-belligerent with Germany, took the opportunity to take back the areas lost to the Soviet Union as part of the bitter Winter War peace terms. The almost 200.000 men strong German “Armee Norwegen”, operating in northern Finland is part of Hitler’s operation plan Barbarossa. Finland and Germany are fighting two separate wars against the same enemy. Finnish units reached their objectives in late December, 1941, and a static period in the war began (also called the “Trench War”). In the summer of 1944, the Soviet Red Army launched a major offensive in the Karelian Isthmus after the withdrawal of the German “Heeresgruppe Nord” from the Leningrad area. This time the Finnish units couldn’t hold back the thrust. Viipuri (Vyborg) was lost and the situation was critical. The largest battle in the Northern Europe took place in Tali-Ihantala, where German Stukas supported the Finnish units. Like a miracle, the Finns and Germans managed to halt the Soviet onslaught, and because Stalin was eager to reach Berlin before the Americans, he decided to withdraw a number of units from the Finnish front. Finland was again saved by the bell.

The Game in General
The second game of the trilogy is the largest. Now the Germans make an entrance with a wide variety of units and special rules. The Soviet side gets the Guards units as well as numerous of new air unit types. The grande campaign 1941-1944, can take up to 155 turns! Relax, in the middle of the campaign, approximately from Jan. I '42 to Jun. I '44, there will be a special feature, called the Position War (Entrenchment War), which will speed up the playing considerably.

There are also two shorter scenarios included, that suites very well for introduction; the 1941-scenario (Jun. IV '41 – Dec. IV '41 = 26 turns) and the 1944-scenario (Jun. II '44 – Sept. I '44 = 12 turns). In the 1941-scenario, the Finnish/German side has an advantage, while in the 1944-scenario, the Soviet side has an advantage.

Release Date
March 2014.

Unit Counters
The game will include twelve countersheets in a total of 3,192 die-cut unit counters! Ground units are written in standard Nato symbols, while Air and Naval units have correct silhouettes. Here are samples of various units. The final colours may change a bit. Place the pointer on each unit for a short explanation.




Yak 9




















The Map
The map will be 100 cm x 140 cm (39” x 55”) in four pieces, depicting Finland and its' vicinity in "summer" colors with additional Railroads and Airfields as well as some new Marker boxes. The borderline also runs differently compared to the Winter War mapboard. The prototype below (with unit counters added) is from February 2013 and not a final version. It is still undergoing some improvements and adjustments.

Click on the map to enlarge (jpg, 612 KB)

The Rules
A 32-page coloured rule book includes basic, advanced and optional game rules.

Order of Battle
The three full-colour OOBs (one Finnish, German and Soviet) include a HUGE Main Campaign; a 1941, and a 1944-scenario; and seven Small Scenarios: (1) Litsa '41, (2) Salla '41, (3) Kestenga-Ukhta '41-'42, (4) Rugozero, (5) Ladoga Karelia '41, (6) Karelian Isthmus '41, and (7) Karelian Isthmus '44. See further in the Beta News menu. A lot of sources have been used to make them as historically correct as possible. For added feeling, the OOB's are written in their native language (Soviet with Cyrillic) with usually the correct unit abbreviation and then translated into English in parenthesis.




Vol. 3 Lapland War 1944-1945 [top]

The box cover artwork of the Vol. 3
Lapland War game
made by the artist,
Andreas Wide (reservations for minor adjustments).
Click to enlarge.

Officially the Lapland War started with the Finnish naval landing at Tornio (at the Swedish border) October 1st, 1944. This was a bold surprise attack in the Germans back, the former brother in arms. Since September 4th, 1944, Finland was no longer at war with the Red Army, as the so called Continuation War had ended. One tough part of the peace terms was, that all German units were to be handed over to the Soviet Union. Because this was impossible, due to the fact that there was over 210.000 Germans in the northern Finland, the former brothers in arms had to fight each other under the supervision of the Soviet control commission. In the Barents Sea region, in an attempt to crush the German “20.Gebirgs-Armee” once and for all, the Soviet Army launched a large-scale attack called the Petsamo-Kirkenes Operation. The last Germans left the Finnish soil in April, 1945.

The Game in General
The final volume of the trilogy is an expansion, also loaded with a lot of extra features for the complete trilogy. In other words, to be able to fully use this package, ownership of both the earlier volumes is a requirement. The Lapland War game includes also the German operations "Tanne West" and "Tanne Ost" as well as the "Birke" and "Nordlicht" plans. The Lapland War game is divided in two separate battles, the one between the retreating Germans and Finnish units and the one between the German Mountain Corps and the Red Army north of the polar circle.

Release Date
March 2014.

Unit Counters
The game will include one countersheet in a total of 266 die-cut unit counters. Ground units are written in standard Nato symbols, while Air and Naval units have correct silhouettes. Here are a sample of various units. The final colours may change a bit. Place the pointer on each unit for a short explanation.



















The Map
No map is included in the Lapland War expansion.

The Rules
A 8-page coloured rules booklet includes special rules for the Lapland War expansion.

Order of Battle
The three full-colour OOBs (Finnish, German and Soviet) include a Main Campaign and two Small Scenarios: (1) Tornio-Kemi '44, and (2) Petsamo-Kirkkenes '44. See further in the Beta News menu. A lot of sources have been used to make them as historically correct as possible. For added feeling, the OOB's are written in their native language (Soviet with Cyrillic) with usually the correct unit abbreviation and then translated into English in parenthesis.!




Sources [top]

Literature
What would a historical simulation be without a number of good source materials? The following English, Finnish, German, Russian & Swedish literature have been used in the making of the whole Finnish Trilogy 1939-1945®. The list is constantly growing, until all games are released. Highly recommended reading!

Ahto, Sampo: Aseveljet vastakkain, Lapin sota 1944-1945. Kirjayhtymä Helsinki. Karisto Oy. Hämeenlinna, 1980.
Appel, Erik: Med döden i hälarna, Högkvarterets fjärrpatruller 1939-1945. Schildts Förlags Ab, Helsingfors 2005.
Autoilijan Tiekartta 75 vuotta 1927-2002. Genimap Oy 2002
Autoilijan tiekartta Karjala. Genimap
Baryshnikov, V.N.: Вступление Финляндии во вторую мировую войну 1940-1941 (Vstuplenie Finlyandii vo vtoryu mirovyu vojnu - The Finnish Opening to Second World War 1940-1941). Publisher: University of St:Petersburg, 2003.
Beaman, John R. Jr: Messerschmitt Bf 109 in action, Part 2. Aircraft Number 44, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1980.
Björklund, Eric: Petsamotrafiken. SÅ-Åkeriförlaget AB, Danderyd 1981. 5:e upplagan (2001).
Björkman, Leif: Det svenska vinterkriget 1939-1940 - spioner, Kontraspioner, Intrigörer, Krigsfångar. Hjalmarson & Högberg Bokförlag. Mockfjärd 2007.
Blair, Clay: Hitlers Ubåtskrig, del 1. Vargar på jakt 1939-1940 (org.title: Hitler's U-boat War). Hjalmarson & Högberg Bokförlag, 1996. Första upplagan.
Blair, Clay: Hitlers Ubåtskrig, del 2. Vargar på jakt 1940-1941 (org.title: Hitler's U-boat War). Hjalmarson & Högberg Bokförlag, 1996. Första upplagan.
Blair, Clay: Hitlers Ubåtskrig, del 3. Vargar på jakt 1941-1943 (org.title: Hitler's U-boat War). Hjalmarson & Högberg Bokförlag, 1996. Första upplagan.
Blair, Clay: Hitlers Ubåtskrig, del 4. Vargar på flykt 1943 (org.title: Hitler's U-boat War). Hjalmarson & Högberg Bokförlag, 1996. Första upplagan.
Blair, Clay: Hitlers Ubåtskrig, del 5. Vargar på flykt 1943-1945 (org.title: Hitler's U-boat War). Hjalmarson & Högberg Bokförlag, 1996. Första upplagan.
Bredt, Alexander: Weyers Taschenbuch der Kriegsflotten XXXIV. Jahrgang 1940. J.F. Lehmanns Verlag, München/Berlin 1940.
Brenden, Geir; Thomassen, Arne Håkon: SS-Schijäger Battaillon "Norge". Norska skidjägare på Östfronten. Kom med oss norrut, Norska frivilliga i Finland 1941-44. Leandoer & Ekholm Publishing, Stockholm 2010.
Brunila, Kai: Finlands Krig. Bra Böckers Lexikon Bokorama/Förlags AB Wiken, 1980.
Buchner, Alex: Narvik - Die Kämpfe der Gruppe Dietl im Frühjahr 1940. Die Wehrmacht im Kampf, Band 18. Scharnhorst Buchkameradschaft, Neckargemünd-Heidelberg 1958.
Böhme, Klaus-Richard:
Kryptosektion IV - Försvarsstaben läser hemliga tyska telegram 1941-42. Ersatz 2006.
Campbell, Jerry L:
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstörer in action. Aircraft Number 30, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1977.
Campbell, Jerry L: Fiesler Storch in action. Aircraft Number 198, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 2005.
Campbell, Jerry L; Beaman, John R. Jr: Messerschmitt Bf 109 in action, Part 1. Aircraft Number 44, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1980.
Cleverley, Michael J: Lauri Törni - Yrke: Soldat (orig. title: A Scent of Glory: The Times and Life of Larry A Thorne). Svenskt Militärhistoriskt Bibilotek, Hallstavik 2008.
Condon, Richard W: Finska vinterkriget (orig. title: The winter war, Russia against Finland). Aldus, 1972.
Connelly, Garth T; Krakow, David L: Schnellboot in action. Warships Number 18, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 2003.
Dahlberg, Rasmus: Dödliga Uppdrag (orig. title: Dristige missioner fra 2. verdenskrig). Historiska Media, Lund 2006.
Dahllöf, Gunnar: Teknikkriget som förändrade världen, den epokgörande utvecklingen under andravärldskriget av Radarn, Libertyfartyget, Datorn, Jetflyget, Syntetmaterialen, V-vapnen och Atombomben. Ingenjörsförlaget AB, Stockholm 1985.
Dann, Richard S: P-40 Warhawk in action. No. 205, Squadron/Signal Publications. Carrollton, Texas 2007.
Davis, Larry: P-47 Thunderbolt in action. No. 208, Squadron/Signal Publications. Carrollton, Texas 2007.
Det Svenska Finland. Svensk-Finlands vänner, Stockholm 1948.
Drabkin, Artem; Irincheev, Bair: Jatkosota Puna-armeijan silmin. Atena Kustannus, Jyväskylä 2007. Toinen painos.
Enqvist, Ove:
Itsenäisen Suomen rannikkotykit 1918-1998. Sotamuseon julkaisuja 1/1999. Gummerus Kirjapaino Oy, Jyväskylä 1999.
Erho, Kaarlo: Summa sotamiehen silmin. Werner Söderström Oy, Porvoo 1958.
Ett land i kamp. Svenska folkskolans vänner volym 154, 2000.
Falk, Greger: F19 - en krönika. Flyghistorisk Revy numer 33. Svensk flyghistorisk Förening. Stockholm 1985.
Filley, Brian: Ju87 Stuka in action. Aircraft Number 73, squadron/ signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1986.
Filley, Brian: Junkers Ju88 in action, Part 1. Aircraft Number 85, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1988.
Filley, Brian: Junkers Ju 88 in action, Part 2. Aircraft Number 113, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1991.
Filley, Brian: Fw 190 in action. Aircraft Number 170, squadron/ signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1999.
Finland i Krig 1939-1940, första delen. Various Authors. Schildts Förlag Ab, Esbo 2001.
Finland i Krig 1941-1944, andra delen. Various Authors. Schildts Förlag Ab, Esbo 2000.
Finland i Krig 1941-1944, tredje delen. Various Authors. Schildts Förlag Ab, Esbo 2001.
Finlands sak är vår. Svensk Uppslagsbok A.- B (A map from 1940!!!).
Forczyk, Robert: Leningrad 1941-44, The epic siege. Campaign • 215. Osprey Publishing, Oxford 2009.
Gebhardt, James F: The Petsamo-Kirkenes Operation: Soviet Breakthrough and Pursuit in the Arctic, October 1944. University Press of the Pacific, Honolulu, Hawaii, 2002 (Reprint from the 1990 edition).
Geust, Carl-Fredrik: Red Stars vol. 7, Talvisota ilmassa. The Winter War in the Air. Apali Oy, Tampere 2011.
Geust, Carl-Fredrik; Petrov, Gennadiy: Red Stars vol. 3, Camouflage and Markings of Russian and Soviet Aircraft until 1941. Apali Oy, Tampere 1999.
Geust, Carl-Fredrik; Petrov, Gennadiy: Red Stars vol. 4, Lend-lease aircraft in Russia. Apali Oy, Tampere 2002.
Geust, Carl-Fredrik; Tirkeltaub, Samuil; Petrov, Gennadiy: Red Stars vol. 5, Baltic Fleet air Force in Winter War. Apali Oy, Tampere 2004.
Glantz, David: Leningrad, City under Siege 1941-1944. Grange books, 2005.
Glantz, David M.: Colossus Reborn, The Red Army at War 1941-1943. University Press of Kansas, 2005.
Grafström, Anders: Från Salla till Hangöudd, med Grafströms jägare i två krig. Förlag svenskafrivilliga.com, Stockholm 2006. Presenterat av SMB.
Gunston, Bill: Fighting Aircraft of WWII. 1998. MBI Publishing Co.
Gunston, Bill: Militärflygets historia (orig. title: History of Military Aviation). Historiska Media. Lund, 2004.
Gyllenhaal, Lars; Westberg, Lennart:
Svenskar i Krig 1914-1945. Historiska Media, Rosvik & Sundsvall 2004.
Gyllenhaal, Lars; Gebhart, James E: Slaget om Nordkalotten. Historiska Media och författarna 2001.
Gordon, Yefim; Khazanov, Dmitriy: Yakovlev’s Piston-Engined Fighters. Red Star Volume 5. Midland Publishing 2002.
Haapanen, Atso: Suomen Ilmavoimien Hävittäjähankinnat 1918-1945. 2000.
Halsti, W.H: Försvaret av Finland (orig. Finnish title: Suomen puolustaminen). P.A. Norstedts & Söners Förlag. Stockholm, 1940.
Harrison, W.A.: Gloster Gladiator in action. Aircraft Number 187, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 2003.
Herlitz, Carl: Svenska arméns luftvärn - eldrörsluftvärnets historia. Armémusei småskrifter 2. Armémuseum Stockholm 1985.
Hess, Wilhelm: Eismeerfront 1941 - Aufmarsch und Kämpfe des Gebirgskorps Norwegen in den Tundren vor Murmansk. Die Wehrmacht im Kampf, Band 9. Scharnhorst Buchkameradschaft, Heidelberg 1956.
Hildén, Kaarlo:
Murmanbanan, ett hot mot Finland och Skandinavien. Söderström & C:o Förlagsaktiebolag. Åbo 1941.
Hofsten, Gustaf von; Waernberg, Jan: Örlogsfartyg, Svenska maskindrivna fartyg under tretungad flagg. Svenskt Militärhistoriskt Bibliotek 2003.
Holmström, Arne: Front Rapport. Svenskt Militärhistoriskt Bibliotek, Hallstavik 2005.
Hyvönen, Osmo: Tornio 1944. Gummerus Kirjapaino Oy. Jyväskylä, 1991.
Irving, David: Konvoj PQ 17:s undergång (orig. title: The Destruction of PQ 17). LiberFörlag, Stockholm 1981.
Jacobsen, Alf R: Dödligt angrepp, miniubåtsräden mot slagskeppet Tirpitz (orig. title: Banesår. Tirpitz og jakten på X5). Bokförlaget Natur och Kultur, 2005. Presenterat av SMB.
Jaklin, Asbjørn:
Nordfronten. Hitlers ödesdigra krig i Norge (orig. Norwegian title: Nordfronten. Hitlers skjebneområde). Bokförlaget Forum. Stockholm 2006.
Jakobson, Max:
Diplomaattien Talvisota, Suomi maailmanpolitiikassa 1938-40. Werner Söderström Oy, Porvoo 1955.
Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II. Random House Group Ltd, 2001.
Jatkosodan Historia 1 (Talvisodasta Jatkosotaan, Sota alkaa). Sotatieteen Laitoksen julkaisuja XXV:1. Sotatieteen Laitoksen Sotahistorian toimisto 1988. Werner Söderström OY, Porvoo 1992. (Toinen painos).
Jatkosodan Historia 2 (Hyökkäys Itä-Karjalaan ja Karjalan Kannakselle). Sotatieteen Laitoksen julkaisuja XXV:2. Sotatieteen Laitoksen Sotahistorian toimisto 1989. Werner Söderström OY, Porvoo 1992. (Toinen painos).
Jatkosodan Historia 3 (Hyökkäys jatkuu Itä-Karjalaan). Sotatieteen Laitoksen julkaisuja XXV:3. Sotatieteen Laitoksen Sotahistorian toimisto 1991. Werner Söderström OY, Porvoo 1992. (Toinen painos).
Jatkosodan Historia 4 (Saksalaisarmeijan hyökkäys Pohjois- Suomessa, asemasota, vetäytyminen Karjalan Kannakselta). Sotatieteen Laitoksen julkaisuja XXV:4. Sotatieteen Laitoksen Sotahistorian toimisto 1993. Werner Söderström OY, Porvoo 1993. (Ensimmäinen painos).
Jatkosodan Historia 5 (Vetäytyminen Itä-Karjalasta, torjuntataistelut, sota Lapissa). Sotatieteen Laitoksen julkaisuja XXV:5. Sotatieteen Laitoksen Sotahistorian toimisto 1992. Werner Söderström OY, Porvoo 1992. (Ensimmäinen painos).
Jatkosodan Historia 6 (Meri- ja ilmapuolustus, hallinto ja sotatalous, huolto ja aselajit, kotijoukot). Sotatieteen Laitoksen julkaisuja XXV:6. Maanpuolustuskorkeakoulun Historian laitos 1994. Werner Söderström OY, Porvoo 1994. (Ensimmäinen painos).
Jatkosodan tiellä. Maanpuolustuskorkeakoulun Sotahistorian laitos ja Sotamuseo, 2004
Jatkosota Kronikka. Various Authors. Gummerus Oy, Jyväskylä 1991.
Jordan, David; Wiest, Andrew:
ATLAS över andra världskriget (orig. English title: Atlas of World War II). Bokförlaget Forum, 2005 Stockholm.
Jowett, Philip; Snodgrass, Brent: Finland at War 1939-45. Osprey Publishing Ltd, Elite 141, Great Britain 2006.
Järv, Harry: Oavgjort i två krig, Finland - Sovjetunionen 1939-1945. Samfundet Sverige-Finland, Infomanager Jan Linder 2006.
Kaltenegger, Roland: Schicksalsweg und Kampf der “Bergschuh”- Division, Die Kriegschronik der 7. Gebirgs-Division, vormals 99. leichte Infanterie Division. Leopold Stocker Verlag, Graz 1985.
Kaltenegger, Roland: Krieg am Eismeer, Gebirgsjäger im Kampf um Narvik, Murmansk und die Murmanbahn. Leopold Stocker Verlag, Graz 1999.
Kaltenegger, Roland: Krieg in der Arktis, Die Operationen der Lappland-Armee 1942-45. Leopold Stocker Verlag, Graz 2003.
Kantakoski, Pekka: Punaiset Panssarit, Puna-armeijan panssarijoukot 1918-1945. Hämeenlinna, 1998.
Karhunen, Joppe; Geust, Carl-Fredrik: Marskalkens Flygande Riddare - Luftkriget över Finland (orig. title: Ritarilentue Kannaksen Kotkat). Svenskt Militärhistoriskt Bibliotek, Hallstavik 2008.
Kautto, Antero: Puna-armeijan marssiopas Suomeen 1939. Oy Karisto. Hämeenlinna 1989.
Kersaudy, Francois: Churchill mot Hitler, Norge 1940: Den ödesdigra segern (orig. title: Churchill contre Hitler, Norvège 1940, La Victoire fatale). Fischer & Co, Rimbo 2005.
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Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman Kari; Niska, Klaus: Venäläiset Pommittajat, Suomen Ilmavoimien Historia 9 Tietoteos, Espoo 1982.
Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman, Kari: Finnish air Force 1939-1945. squadron/signal publications, 1998.
Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman Kari: LeR 1, Suomen Ilmavoimien Historia 20. Helsinki 2002.
Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman Kari: LeR 2, Suomen Ilmavoimien Historia 17. Helsinki 2001.
Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman Kari: LeR 3, Suomen Ilmavoimien Historia 18. Helsinki 2001.
Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman Kari: LeR 4, Suomen Ilmavoimien Historia 19. Helsinki 2002.
Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman Kari: LeR 5, Suomen Ilmavoimien Historia 21. Helsinki 2004.
Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman Kari: Curtiss Hawk 75A & P-40M. Suomen Ilmavoimien Historia 5. Helsinki 2004. (Toinen täysin uusittu painos).
Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman Kari: Fiat G.50 & Caudron-Renault C.R. 714. Suomen Ilmavoimien Historia 8. Helsinki 2004. (Toinen täysin uusittu painos).
Keskinen, Kalevi; Partonen, Kyösti; Stenman Kari: Suomen Ilmavoimat 1928-40 (Osa II). Finnish Air Force. Helsinki 2006.
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Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman Kari: Suomen Ilmavoimat 1942 (Osa IV). Finnish Air Force. Helsinki 2007.
Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman Kari: Suomen Ilmavoimat 1943 (Osa V). Finnish Air Force. Helsinki 2008.
Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman Kari: Suomen Ilmavoimat 1944 (Osa VI). Finnish Air Force. Helsinki 2008.
Kilin, Juri: Puna-armeijan sotatoimet Laatokan karjalassa Talvisodassa. Snellman-instituutin B-sarja 49/2002, Kuopio 2002.
Kilkki, Pertti: Hangosta Petsamoon, Rajajääkärijoukot sodassa 1941- 1944. Otava, Keuruu 1999.
Kirchubel, Robert: Operation Barbarossa 1941 (2) Army Group North. Campaign • 148. Osprey Publishing, Oxford 2005.
Kolganov, K.S: Taktikens Utveckling i Sovjetarmén (orig. title: Razvitije taktiki Sovjetskoj Armii v gody Velikoj Otetjestvennoj vojny 1941-1945 gg.). Militärlitteraturföreningen # 230. Stockholm 1960.
Kolomyjec, Maksym: Pansar i Vinterkriget 1939-1940 (Eng. title: Tanks in Winter War). Leandoer & Ekholm Förlag, Stockholm 2006.
Koop, Gerhard; Schmolke, Klaus-Peter: German Destroyers of World War II (orig. title: Die Deutschen Zerstörer 1935-1945). Greenhill Books, London & Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland 2003.
Korpi, Kalle: Tavoitteena Muurmanni. Saksan Norjan-Armeijan ja Pohjois-Suomen rintamasuunta joulukuusta 1940 koulukuuhun 1941. Pohjois-Suomen historiallinen yhdistys. Gummerus, Rovaniemi 1996.
Koskimaa, Matti: Karhumäestä Ilomantsiin, Werner Söderström OY 2000.
Kronlund, Jan: Suomen Puolustulaitos 1918-1939, Puolustusvoimien rauhan ajan historia. Sotatieteen laitos. Werner Söderström OY, Porvoo 1992. (Neljäs painos).
Kuusela, Kari: Wehrmachtin Panssarit Suomessa. 2000 Wiking- Divisioona Oy.
Käkelä, Erkki: Lagus stormkanoner, Stormkanonbataljonen i strid 1943-1944. (Orig. title: Laguksen rynnäkkötykit, Rynnäkkötykkipataljoona 1943-1944, WSOY 1996) Schildts Förlags Ab. Keuru 2005. Presenterat av SMB.
Lappalainen, Niilo: Kriget om Finska viken, Hangö och Hogland under andra värdskriget (orig. title: Hankoniemi toisessa maailmansodassa/Suursaari toisessa maailmansodassa). Schildts Förlags Ab, Finland 2005.
Leskinen, Jari; Juutilainen, Antti:
Talvisodan Pikku Jättiläinen. Werner Söderström OY, 1999.
Leskinen, Jari; Juutilainen, Antti: Jatkosodan Pikku Jättiläinen. Werner Söderström OY, 2005.
Linder, Jan; Lundberg, Lennart: Ofredens Hav Östersjön 1939-1992. Infomanager Förlag J.L. 2002.
Linder, Jan: Finlands fyra krig. Infomanager Förlag, Avesta 2004.
Linder, Jan: Norge 1940. Drama i nio akter. Infomanager 2005.
Linder, Jan: Krigsfall Sverige! Tysklands anfallsplaner mot Sverige 1943. Infomanager Förlag Jan Linder 2006.
Lucas, James: Die Wehrmacht von 1939-1945, Zahlen, Daten, Fakten (orig. title: The German Army Handbook). Tosa Verlag, Wien 2004.
Maas, Jim:
F2A Buffalo in action. Aircraft Number 81, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1987.
Mackay, Ron:
Bristol Blenheim in action. Aircraft Number 88, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1988.
Mackay, Ron: Fleet Air Arm, British Carrier Aviation 1939-1945, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 2001.
Mann, Chris & Jörgensen, Christer: Hitler’s Arctic War. 2002 Ian Allan.
Manninen, Ohto: Talvisodan salatut taustat, Neuvostoliiton operatiiviset suunnitelmat 1939-1941 Suomen suunnalla. Kirjaneuvos KY, Porvoo 1994.
Manninen, Ohto: Molotovin cocktail - Hitlerin sateenvarjo, Toisen maailmansodan historian uudelleenkirjoitusta. Kleio ja nykypäivä. Painatuskeskus Oy, Helsinki 1994.
Manninen, Ohto; Rzesevski, Oleg A.: Puna-armeija Stalinin tentissä, Talvisodan jälkipuinti Kremlissä 14.-17.4.1940. Oy Edita Ab, Helsinki 1997.
Manninen, Ohto: Stalinin kiusa - Himmlerin täi, Sota-ajan pieni Suomi maailman silmissä ja arkistojen kätkössä. Edita Prima Oy, Helsinki 2002.
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Meister, Jürg: Soviet Warships of the Second World War. Macdonald and Jane’s Publishers Ltd, London 1977.
Melkko, Markku: Sukellusvene Vesikko. Sotamuseon julkaisuja 2/1999. Gummerus Kirjapaino Oy, Jyväskylä 1999. Toinen täydennetty painos.
McDowell, Ernest R: Curtiss P-40 in action. Aircraft Number 26, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1976.
McDowell, Ernest R: B-25 Mitchell in action. Aircraft Number 34, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1978.
McDowell, Ernie: P39 Airacobra in action. Aircraft Number 43, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1980.
Mesko, Jim: A-20 Havoc in action. Aircraft Number 144, squadron/ signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1994.
Metsälä, Tarmo: Isänmaan Puolesta 1939-1945. Gummerus, Jyväskylä 2002.
Middeldorf, Eike: Taktik på Östfronten - Erfarenheter och slutsatser (org. title: Taktik im Russlandfeldzug). Militärlitteraturföreningen Nr 219. Hörsta Förlag AB, Stockholm 1958.
Militärkalendern 1942:
Åhlén & Åkerlund Förlag, Stockholm 1941.
Militärkalendern 1944: Åhlén & Åkerlund Förlag, Stockholm 1943.
Mollo, Andrew: The Armed Forces of World War II, Uniforms, Insignia & Organisation. Silverdale Books. Leicester 2001.
Mondey, David: Axis Aircraft of World War II, Chancellor Press 1996.
Mononen, Väinö: Kuoleman Kujanjuoksu, Talvisota Kuhmon rintamalla 1939-1940. Alfamer Kustannus OY, Helsinki 2006.
Natkiel, Richard: War Maps, Campaigns & Battles of WW2. Bison Books Ltd.
Nelsson, Bertil: General Vinter, Vinterkrig genom tiderna. Svenskt Militärhistoriskt Bibliotek, Hallstavik 2006.
Nyström, Stig: Hangö 1940-1941 (orig.title: “krasnij gangut”). Svensk Militärhistoriskt Bibliotek, Stockholm 2005.
Pajari, Risto: Talvisota ilmassa. Werner. Söderström OY Porvoo 1971.
Palaste, Onni: Suomussalmen sankarit. Arvi A. Karisto OY. Hämeenlinna, 1979.
Palaste, Onni: Talvisodan ääniä. Arvi A. Karisto OY. Hämeenlinna, 1980.
Pesonen, Aake: Tuli-iskuja taivaalle, Ilmatorjuntajoukkojen taisteluista talvi- ja jatkosodassa. Karisto OY. Kirjayhtymä. Helsinki 1982.
Punka, George: Heinkel He 111 in action. Aircraft Number 184, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 2002.
Punka, George: Focke-Wulf Fw 189 in action. Aircraft Number 142, squadron/signal publications. Carollton, Texas 1993.
Raunio, Ari: Sotatoimet, Suomen sotien 1939-45 kulku kartoin. Kärkijoukkue Oy & Genimap Oy 2004.
Raunio, Ari; Kilin, Juri: Talvisodan taisteluja. Suomen sotakirjuri Oy & AffectoGenimap Finland Oy. Karttakeskus, Helsinki 2007.
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Scutts, Jerry: Spitfire in action. Aircraft Number 39, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1980.
Scutts, Jerry: Hurricane in action. Aircraft Number 72, squadron/ signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1986.
Sharpe, Michael; Scutts, Jerry and March, Dan: Aircraft of World War II, a visual encyclopedia. Park Gate Books.
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Sota ja evakuointi Pohjoiskalotilla 1944-1945. Krig og evakuering på Nordkalotten. Rajakuntien kulttuuriyhteistyön työryhmä. Grensekommunenes arbeidsutvalg fo kultursamarbeid. Lyngenfjord 1995.
Stapfer, Hans-Heiri: Yak Fighters in action. Aircraft Number 78, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1986.
Stapfer, Hans-Heiri: Il-2 Stormovik in action. Aircraft Number 155, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1995.
Stapfer, Hans-Heiri: Polikarpov Fighters in action Pt.1. Aircraft Number 157, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1995.
Stapfer, Hans-Heiri: Polikarpov Fighters in action Pt.2. Aircraft Number 162, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1996.
Stapfer, Hans-Heiri: LaGG Fighters in action. Aircraft Number 163, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1996.
Stapfer, Hans-Heiri: La5/7 Fighters in action. Aircraft Number 169, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 1998.
Stapfer, Hans-Heiri: Petlyakov Pe-2 in action. Aircraft Number 181, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 2002.
Stapfer, Hans-Heiri: Ilyushin Il-4 in action. Aircraft Number 192, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 2004.
Stapfer, Hans-Heiri: Tupolev SB in action. Aircraft Number 194, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 2004.
Stapfer, Hans-Heiri: Early MiG Fighters in action. Aircraft Number 204, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 2006.
Stapfer, Hans-Heiri; Mau, Hans-Joachim; Punka, George: Junkers Ju 52 in action. Aircraft Number 186, squadron/signal publications. Carrollton, Texas 2002.
Stenman, Kari; Keskinen, Kalevi: Luftwaffe Over Finland (Luftwaffe at War-series). Greenhill Books, London. Stackpole Books, USA 2001.
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Steurich, Alfred: Gebirgsjaeger Im Bild - 6.SS-Gebirgsdivision Nord 1940-1945. Munin-Verlag GmbH, Osnabrück 1976.
Stjernfelt, Bertil:
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Suomen Itsenäistymisen Kronikka.
Various Authors. Gummerus Oy, Jyväskylä 1992.
Suomen Puolustusvoimat ennen ja nyt.
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Suomen Sota 1941-1945, 1. osa (Suomen puolustuskysymys Talvisodan jälkeen ja joutuminen uuteen sotaan v. 1941). Sotahistoriallisen Tutkimuslaitoksen Sotahistoriallisen Toimiston julkaisuja IX:1. Kustannusosakeyhtiö Sotateos, Kuopio, 1965.
Suomen Sota 1941-1945, 2. osa (Laatokan Karjalan valtaus ja eteneminen Aunuksen Kannakselle). Puolustusvoimain Pääesikunnan Sota- historiallisen Toimiston Julkaisuja IX:2. Kustannusosakeyhtiö Kivi, Helsinki, 1952.
Suomen Sota 1941-1945, 3. osa (Karjalan Kannaksen valtaus kesällä 1941). Puolustusvoimain Pääesikunnan Sota- historiallisen Toimiston Julkaisuja IX:3. Kustannusosakeyhtiö Kivi, Helsinki, 1951.
Suomen Sota 1941-1945, 4. osa (Karjalan Armeijan eteneminen Maaselän Kannakselle v.1941). Sotahistoriallisen Tutkimuslaitoksen Sotahistoriallisen Laitoksen Julkaisuja IX:4. Kustannusosakeyhtiö Kivi, Helsinki, 1954.
Suomen Sota 1941-1945, 5. osa (Sotatoimet Seesjärven ja Jäämeren välillä v. 1941). Sotahistoriallisen Tutkimuslaitoksen Sotahistoriallisen Laitoksen Julkaisuja IX:5. Kustannusosakeyhtiö Kivi, Helsinki, 1954.
Suomen Sota 1941-1945, 6. osa (Asemasotavaihe maarintamilla). Sotahistoriallisen Tutkimuslaitoksen Sotahistoriallisen Laitoksen Julkaisuja IX:6. Kustannusosakeyhtiö Kivi, Helsinki, 1956.
Suomen Sota 1941-1945, 7. osa (Venäläisten suurhyökkäys Kannaksella kesällä 1944). Sotahistoriallisen Tutkimuslaitoksen Sotahistoriallisen Laitoksen Julkaisuja IX:7. Kustannusosakeyhtiö Kivi, Kuopio, 1957.
Suomen Sota 1941-1945, 8. osa (Sotatoimet Laatokan ja Jäämeren välillä 1944-1945). Sotahistoriallisen Tutkimuslaitoksen Sotahistoriallisen Laitoksen Julkaisuja IX:8. Kustannusosakeyhtiö Kivi, Kuopio, 1958.
Suomen Sota 1941-1945, 9. osa (Merivoimat, Ilmavoimat, kotijoukot ja naistenjärjestöt). Sotahistoriallisen Tutkimuslaitoksen Sotahistoriallisen Toimistoja Julkaisuja IX:9. Kustannusosakeyhtiö Sotateos, Kuopio, 1960.
Suomen Sota 1941-1945, 10. osa (Poliittiset ratkaisut sodan loppuvaiheessa ja välirauhan solmiminen, Puolustusvoimain saattaminen rauhan kannakselle, tiedotus-, valistus- ja viihdytystoiminta, kenttätykistön-, pioneeri-, linnoitamis-, viesti- ja huollontoiminta,...). Sotahistoriallisen Tutkimuslaitoksen Sotahistoriallisen Toimistoja Julkaisuja IX:10. Kustannusosakeyhtiö Sotateos, Kuopio 1961.
Suomi Sodassa, Talvi- ja jatkosodan tärkeät päivät. (Various Writers) Oy Valitut Palat. Helsinki 1984, kolmas painos.
Sveriges militära beredskap 1939 - 1945. Wangel, Carl-Axel (red.). Militärhistoriska avdelningen vid Militärhögskolan. Militärhistoriska Förlaget 1982.
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Talvisodan historia 2 (Sotatoimet Karjalan Kannaksella). Sotatieteen Laitoksen julkaisuja XVI:2. Sotatieteen Laitoksen Sotahistorian toimisto 1978. Werner Söderström OY, Porvoo 1991. (Kolmas painos).
Talvisodan historia 3 (Sotatoimet Laatokan ja Jäämeren välillä). Sotatieteen Laitoksen julkaisuja XVI:3. Sotatieteen Laitoksen Sotahistorian toimisto 1978. Werner Söderström OY, Porvoo 1991. (Neljäs painos).
Talvisodan historia 4 (Sodasta rauhaan, puolustushaarat ja eräät erityisalat). Sotatieteen Laitoksen julkaisuja XVI:4. Sotatieteen Laitoksen Sotahistorian toimisto 1979. Werner Söderström OY, Porvoo 1991. (Kolmas painos).
Talvisota Kronikka. Various Authors. Gummerus Oy, Jyväskylä 1989.
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Uolevi Koskenpaino: 15.Divisioona Jatkosodassa. 1982
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Valtonen, Hannu:
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Valtonen, Hannu: Messerschmitt BF 109 ja Saksan Sotatalous. Keski-Suomen Ilmailumuseon julkaisuja 8. Gummerus Kirjapaino OY, Jyväskylä 1999.
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Vihavainen, Timo; Saharov, Andrei: Tuntematon Talvisota, Neuvostoliiton salaisen poliisin kansiot. Edita Publishing OY, Helsinki 2009.
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Åländska sjömän under andra världskriget 1939-1945. Ålands Nautical Club r.f. Mariehamn 1999.
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